This posting: something new, something old…
First, the insides of the BeoLab 14 subwoofer. The obvious part is the port curling around to get the right length in a somewhat shorter package. This concept has been around for a while as you can see when you look at a trumpet or a tuba…
The silver-coloured disc right below the bottom of the port is the pole piece of the woofer. The black ring around this is the ferrite magnet. In the background you can see the circuit boards containing the power supply, DSP and amplifiers for the sub and the satellites. For a better view of this, check out this page.
The reasons the end of the port is flared like a trumpet bell is to reduce the velocity of the air at the end of the pipe. This reduces turbulence which, in turn, means that there is less noise or “port chuffing” at the resonant frequency of the port. Of course, the other end of the port at the top of the subwoofer is also flared for the same reason.
As I mentioned in a previous posting, the DSP is constantly calculating the air velocity inside the port and doesn’t allow it to exceed a value that we determined in the tuning. This doesn’t mean that it’s impossible to hear the turbulence – if you test the system with a sine tone, you’ll hear it – but that was a tuning decision we made. This is because we pushed the output to a point that is almost always inaudible with music – but can be heard with sine tones. If we hadn’t done that, the cost would have been a subwoofer with less bass output.
Now for something a little older… This is a BeoLab 3500 (we’re not looking at the BeoLab 7-4 on the shelf below)
Below is a close-up of the tweeter and woofer. You may notice that you can see light through the edge of the surround of the woofer. This is because we cut it with a knife for a different demonstration – it’s not normal… You can also see the fins which help to keep the electronics cool.
As you can see in the photos below, all the electronics are inside the woofer enclosures. The tweeter has its own built-in chamber, so it’s sealed from the woofer enclosure.